Bills Principles

“Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature, of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless action, of looking at systems in all their functions rather than asking only one yield of them and of allowing systems to demonstrate their own evolutions.” – Bill Mollisons definition of Permaculture

The systems we construct should last as long as possible, and take least maintenance. These systems, fuelled by the sun should produce not only their own needs, but the needs of the people, creating or controlling them. Thus, they are sustainable, as they sustain both themselves and those who construct them. We can use energy to construct these systems, providing that in their lifetime, they store or conserve more energy than we use to construct them.

1. Work with nature, rather than against the natural elements, forces, pressures, processes, agencies, and evolutions, so that we assist rather than impede natural developments.

2. The problem is the solution; everything works both ways. It is only we see things that makes them advantageous or not (if the wind blows cold, let us use both its strength and its coolness to advantage). A corollary of this principle is that everything is a positive resource; it is just up to us to work out how we may use it.

3. Make the least change for the greatest possible effect.

4. The yield of a system is theoretically unlimited. The only limit on the number of uses of a resource possible within a system is in the limit of the information and the imagination of the designer. System yield is the sum total of surplus energy produced by, stored, conserved, reused, or converted by the design. Energy is in surplus once the system itself has available all it´s needs for growth, reproduction and maintenance.

5. Cyclic Opportunity. Every cyclic event increases the opportunity for yield. To increase cycling is to increase yield. Cycles in nature are diversion routes away from entropic ends – life itself cycles nutrients – giving opportunities for yield, and thus opportunities for species to occupy time niches.

6. Disorder I: Any system or organism can accept only that quantity of a resource which can be used productively. Any resource input beyond that point throws the system or organism into disorder; oversupply with a resource is a form of chronic pollution.

7. Disorder II: Order and harmony produce energy for other uses. Disorder consumes energy to no useful end. Neatness, tidiness, uniformity, and straightness signify an energy maintained disorder in natural systems. In chaos lies unparalleled opportunity for imposing creative order.

8. Stress and Harmony: Stress may be defined as either prevention of natural function, or of forced function; and (conversely) harmony as the permission of chosen and natural functions and the supply of essential needs.

9. Stability and Diversity: It is not the number of diverse things in a design that leads to stability, it is the number of beneficial connections between these components ( … which are self regulated by feedback loops).

10. Everything gardens: or has an effect on its environment. (What about you ….?)

-> Do you have your own principles??